Pipelines

Pipelines are another largely unseen transporter of freight.  In general pipelines are used to transport fuels such as natural gas or crude oil. There is very limited public information available about the location, length, and use of pipeline infrastructure in the United States. The rationale for limited information is framed around security issues that result from the largely unsecured nature of the US pipeline infrastructure.  Additionally, available data is old and misses the recent trend of hydraulic fracturing and new natural gas pipeline construction. Therefore, this section will be limited to the jobs and businesses associated with pipeline infrastructure.

Figure 1: Pipeline Businesses in the MAFC

Source: Esri Business Analyst, 2011

Pipeline transportation employs more people than air freight transportation, but the total employment is still very small relative to trucking.  Pipeline businesses in Figure 1 and totaled in Table 1 include pipeline transportation for crude oil, natural gas, refined petroleum products, and all other pipeline transportation.

Table 1: Pipeline Transportation Businesses and Employment in the MAFC

State Pipeline Employment Pipeline Businesses Total State Employment Total Business Count
Illinois 1,224 186 5,884,453 476,575
Indiana 522 101 2,938,335 222,320
Iowa 305 89 1,607,190 136,378
Kansas 998 171 1,407,272 123,790
Kentucky 515 54 1,819,898 153,924
Michigan 351 118 4,305,125 371,368
Minnesota 290 85 2,888,004 221,993
Missouri 433 89 2,883,801 239,690
Ohio 812 121 5,634,785 413,878
Wisconsin 280 67 3,063,309 244,656
MAFC 5,730 1,081 32,432,172 2,604,572

Source: Esri Business Analyst, 2011

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